1. Write about the life of an important person or inventor in your country’s history.
The main topic: The Life of B.J. Habibie
The Subtopics: The Third President of Republic Indonesia, The Founder of the theory of an aircraft, The inventor of N-250
The Life of B.J. Habibie
B.J. Habibie was born on June 25, 1936 in Parepare, South Sulawesi Province. First of all, he was officially elected as the third president of Republic Indonesia from 1998 to 1999. In fact, he was elected as the third president of Republic Indonesia after Suharto resigned in 1998. The reason why Suharto resigned in 1998 because Suharto’s policy brought Indonesia’s economy to the disaster and the economy was awfully terrible back then in Indonesia. Although he has only led Indonesia for a year, he has been an influential person who kept inspiring all young people in Indonesia through all of his creations. One of the most remarkable things that he has developed is the theory of an aircraft. As the founder of the theory of an aircraft, he managed to invent the theory of the aircraft named “Habibie factor” that can be used to reduce the weight of the plane until 25% than before to improve the safety of the aircraft from the accident. Secondly, another remarkable thing that he has developed is N-250. The reason why N-250 is the second of a remarkable thing because N-250 is the first aircraft propeller in Indonesia since 1995 with the fly-by-wire system and it makes N-250 has become one of the best aircraft propeller at that time. Since that day, B.J. Habibie has been an influential person in Indonesia who kept inspiring all people until now. It’s been proved since he developed an institution called “Ikatan Cendekiawan Muslim Indonesia” which means being someone who has good integrity, it will help you in achieving success.
2. Describe an important building or monument in your country
The main topic: The National Monument
The subtopics: The History of the National Monument, What the National Monument has served for us, The National monument is easily accessible via any kinds of transportation and it is open every day.
The National Monument
Monas, one of the most popular monument in Jakarta, has been a good example of an important building in my country. The National Monument or simply known as “Monas” is located in the center of Merdeka Square in central Jakarta. Firstly, one of the most interesting you want to know is the history of the National Monument. In fact, the construction started in 1961 during Soekarno’s era and officially to be opened to the public in 1975 and it was also built to commemorate all Indonesian with a symbol of their effort to have got freedom from Dutch colonial rule. Moreover, the second thing that you need to know about the National Monument is what the National Monument has served for us. Some say if you go to Monas, you can do a sightseeing anytime you want. That’s right but it’s not quite an interesting answer, is it? the second thing that you have to know about that is the National monument consists of Indonesian history and a meditation hall that display an authentic copy of the declaration of Indonesian independence which is read by Soekarno on that day. Thirdly, the last thing you have to know about the National Monument is it is also easily accessible via any kinds of transportation and of course it is open every day. In fact, It is easy for us to find any kinds of transportation you like, such as taxi or TransJakarta bus in the morning. Besides, since April 2016, the national monument has been opened at night from seven to ten in Tuesday through Friday and it’s also open at night from seven to twelve in Saturday through Sunday. In short, you can come anytime you want because the National monument is open every day from eight to three, except for the last Monday of every month due to it will be closed for maintenance.
3. Explain an important day, year, decade in your country’s history
The main topic: Indonesian Independence Day
Indonesian Independence Day
We all know that on August 17, 1945, is the most historical day for all Indonesian. Basically, Indonesian Independence Day is declared to have had freedom from Dutch colonialism in which all of Indonesian were happy that Indonesia has become an Independence nation. In fact, long time ago, Indonesia has been through a lot on long historical journey since the Dutch colonialism existed where all Indonesian have ever been treated unfair during the war against the Dutch. The fact that thousands of people were died on that day. Besides, lots of heroes in Indonesia also died since that day especially who tried to defend our country. Those heroes are included: Thomas Matulessy, Prince Diponegoro of Mataram, Tuanku Imam Bonjol, and so on. Although, all those efforts of Independence have failed, Indonesian nationalists still began to think about how to struggle against Dutch colonialism. However, once a upon a time, Japanese invaded the Dutch and finally the Dutch surrendered in March, 1942. It was lucky for Indonesian to have their flag recognized and it was also followed by the recognition of “Indonesia Raya” as the national song after the Indonesian rebellions were quite strong enough to have the Japanese surrendered. Having dropped the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, the Japanese was forced to surrender unconditionally to the allies. In short, It was a good chance for Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Mohammad Hatta to proclaim Indonesia’s Independence on August 17, 1945 and since that day Indonesia has become Independence as the nation.