History of My Country

1. Write about the life of an important person or inventor in your country’s history.

The main topic: The Life of B.J. Habibie

The Subtopics: The Third President of Republic Indonesia,  The Founder of the theory of an aircraft, The inventor of N-250

The Life of B.J. Habibie

Image result for bj habibie

B.J. Habibie was born on June 25, 1936 in Parepare, South Sulawesi Province. First of all, he was officially elected as the third president of Republic Indonesia from 1998 to 1999. In fact, he was elected as the third president of Republic Indonesia after Suharto resigned in 1998. The reason why Suharto resigned in 1998 because Suharto’s policy brought Indonesia’s economy to the disaster and the economy was awfully terrible back then in Indonesia. Although he has only led Indonesia for a year, he has been an influential person who kept inspiring all young people in Indonesia through all of his creations. One of the most remarkable things that he has developed is the theory of an aircraft. As the founder of the theory of an aircraft, he managed to invent the theory of the aircraft named “Habibie factor” that can be used to reduce the weight of the plane until 25% than before to improve the safety of the aircraft from the accident. Secondly, another remarkable thing that he has developed is N-250. The reason why N-250 is the second of a remarkable thing because N-250 is the first aircraft propeller in Indonesia since 1995 with the fly-by-wire system and it makes N-250 has become one of the best aircraft propeller at that time. Since that day, B.J. Habibie has been an influential person in Indonesia who kept inspiring all people until now. It’s been proved since he developed an institution called “Ikatan Cendekiawan Muslim Indonesia” which means being someone who has good integrity, it will help you in achieving success.

2. Describe an important building or monument in your country

The main topic: The National Monument

The subtopics: The History of the National Monument, What the National Monument has served for us, The National monument is easily accessible via any kinds of transportation and it is open every day.

 

The National Monument

Image result for monas indonesia monument

Monas, one of the most popular monument in Jakarta, has been a good example of an important building in my country. The National Monument or simply known as “Monas” is located in the center of Merdeka Square in central Jakarta. Firstly, one of the most interesting you want to know is the history of the National Monument. In fact, the construction started in 1961 during Soekarno’s era and officially to be opened to the public in 1975 and it was also built to commemorate all Indonesian with a symbol of their effort to have got freedom from Dutch colonial rule. Moreover, the second thing that you need to know about the National Monument is what the National Monument has served for us. Some say if you go to Monas, you can do a sightseeing anytime you want. That’s right but it’s not quite an interesting answer, is it? the second thing that you have to know about that is the National monument consists of Indonesian history and a meditation hall that display an authentic copy of the declaration of Indonesian independence which is read by Soekarno on that day. Thirdly, the last thing  you have to know about the National Monument is it is also easily accessible via any kinds of transportation and of course it is open every day. In fact, It is easy for us to find any kinds of transportation you like, such as taxi or TransJakarta bus in the morning. Besides, since April 2016, the national monument has been opened at night from seven to ten in Tuesday through Friday and it’s also open at night from seven to twelve in Saturday through Sunday. In short, you can come anytime you want because the National monument is open every day from eight to three, except for the last Monday of every month due to it will be closed for maintenance.

3. Explain an important day, year, decade in your country’s history

The main topic: Indonesian Independence Day

Indonesian Independence Day

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We all know that on August 17, 1945, is the most historical day for all Indonesian. Basically, Indonesian Independence Day is declared to have had freedom from Dutch colonialism in which all of Indonesian were happy that Indonesia has become an Independence nation. In fact, long time ago, Indonesia has been through a lot on long historical journey since the Dutch colonialism existed where all Indonesian have ever been treated unfair during the war against the Dutch. The fact that thousands of people were died on that day. Besides, lots of heroes in Indonesia also died since that day especially who tried to defend our country. Those heroes are included: Thomas Matulessy, Prince Diponegoro of Mataram, Tuanku Imam Bonjol, and so on. Although, all those efforts of Independence have failed, Indonesian nationalists still began to think about how to struggle against Dutch colonialism. However, once a upon a time, Japanese invaded the Dutch and finally the Dutch surrendered in March, 1942. It was lucky for Indonesian to have their flag recognized and it was also followed by the recognition of “Indonesia Raya” as the national song after the Indonesian rebellions were quite strong enough to have the Japanese surrendered. Having dropped the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, the Japanese was forced to surrender unconditionally to the allies. In short, It was a good chance for Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Mohammad Hatta to proclaim Indonesia’s Independence on August 17, 1945 and since that day Indonesia has become Independence as the nation.

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A holiday celebration that I remember

The outline

a. What’s your main topics? Write it here: Independence Day

b. What are your subtopics? Write then on the line below.

Sack races, Tug of war, and water balloon games.

Writing!

Independence Day

Independence Day is a special day for all Indonesian people. Typically, Indonesian really love this celebration. For instance, they would play lots of activities to celebrate Indonesia’s Independence Day on August 17. Personally, I am so excited during the Independence Day. The reason why I like this celebration is Independence Day always reminds me when I was in Senior High School. The first thing I used to do is sack races. It was so exciting back then when all the boys tried to do their best to win. For me, it was quite challenging because you need to keep your balance steady and jumping forward at the same time. Secondly, another thing I used to do when I was in Senior High School is Tug of war. Everyone loves doing Tug of war but not all. Honestly, I really don’t like doing Tug of war. Based on my experience, I got both of my hands injured. After I got my hands injured, I was taken by the teacher to recover my hands as soon as possible. Personally, it was the worst experience because the blood was everywhere surrounding my hands. Thirdly, the final activity I used to do during the Independence Day is water balloon games. It was my favourite one when I was in Senior High School. We were so exciting when we tried to pass “water balloon” to the others. I have really enjoyed and I also missed that moment of what my classmates and I used to do during the Independence Day. In short, the moment I used to do during the Independence Day is the most memorable thing I have ever had in my life. Although the time has passed and we didn’t win though, the most important thing is whatever I used to do with my friends during the Independence Day is still kept inside my mind. For me, winning is just a small piece of cake and I don’t really care about it because the precious one is the moment of what I used to do with my classmates since I was in Senior High School.

The things I like to do

The outline

a. What’s your main topics? Write it here: My hobbies

b. What are your subtopics? Write them on the line below

Playing basketball, Watching lots of videos on YouTube, Listening to music.

Writing!

There are three things I like to do in spare time. First is playing basketball. We all know that everyone loves basketball. There are lots of benefits we can get from playing basketball and the most one is to burn calories. I really like playing basketball because it would help me to get a proper shape. For me, playing basketball is also the best way to make me feel more relaxed and not feel stressed at all. And with playing basketball, it could help me to make a new friend outside the class because it’s so boring you know when you just sit on the chair, pay attention, and do your homework all the time. The fact that there’s too many things you can do outside the class to make you feel more relaxed and enjoy yourselves. Another thing I like to do is watching lots of videos on YouTube. With watching some videos on YouTube, it could help me to enjoy myself while I felt bored and also made me feel more relaxed than before. Sometimes, I usually watch some videos before doing my homework because it would help me to work optimally in getting a new idea. The next hobby I really like to do is listening to music. Listening to music always makes me feel more comfortable in my life. I usually listen to music all the time, especially when doing my homework or studying before the exam. Another reason why I like listening to music is it also could make my mood changed easily.  In short, doing something that you really enjoy is the most important things you must have in your life and the person who makes you enjoy yourselves is you because all the questions is all within you and only you whose the person who can make your life colorful.  

My personal goals in President University

Goal 1: Improving my English skills.

Goal 2: Being good leader in organization.

Goal 3: Getting good score in academic aspects.

Write a conclusion of your letter in the space provided. It should give an evaluation of your goals.

Based on my three goals I’ve set, to achieve my personal goals is not going to be easy and I will definitely face many kinds of challenges there. But, if I do with diligence, hard working, and conviction I believe that everything will be fine and it is going to be easy as well even though taking a long time. About taking a long time, the main important things for me to achieve my goals is all about process, not necessarily the result only. So, I will do my best and for me ,everything is possible.

Dear Jonathan,

This is a letter I am writing to myself with three personal goals in it. I will open this letter after I finish studying in President University. The personal goals I have set for myself which are improving my English skills, being good leader in organization, and getting good score in academic aspects. Now I will explain why I chose these goals.

First, Improving my English skills. Mostly, English is very important for all people. Especially for me as the student. Previously, when I was in senior high school, I was not interested in English at all. But everything has changed when one of my best friends in senior high school told me that English was very important, particularly about making a communication with a lot of people there who comes from different country and culture.   Also, my friend said, “we couldn’t live without English and I certainly realize about that”. So, After I had heard what did he say to me, I intended to study a lot like studying grammar, listening,and so on when I was in senior high school. But still, I realized that it wasn’t enough. And then, I decided to choose President University to improve my English skills Like grammar, listening, speaking, and etc to fulfill my infirmity in English.

Next, Being good leader in organization. Basically, being a good leader in one organization is very hard thing to achieve isn’t it? Like we need to have the quality of dependable, responsibility, integrity, and so on right? . Actually, I have never joined any kinds organization before since I was in senior high school. But still, I believe that nothing is impossible for those people who want to try to achieve their dreams. Especially for me. But, it’s very  awkward isn’t it? if I immediately become leader without feel how it’s really hard to become a member first. So, to achieve my second goals, next year I will  obviously join the organization to develop myself Like how to become more discipline, responsible and not to mention about how to learn cooperating as well.

Finally, Getting good score in academic aspects. As we know before, we are students and so do I.  If we talk about the students, we definitely talk about our responsibility or priority like doing homework, studying, and so on right? But still, sometimes some of students have forgotten that. So I or simply known as student, I committed that I want to study harder in order to make my parents proud and happy, also.

So Based on my three goals I’ve set, to achieve my personal goals is not going to be easy and I will definitely face many kinds of challenges there. But, if I do with diligence, hard working, and conviction I believe that everything will be fine and it is going to be easy as well even though taking a long time. About taking a long time, the main important things for me to achieve my goals is all about process, not necessarily the result only. So, I will do my best and for me ,everything is possible.

Lecturers are responsible for motivating students to learn

Thesis: Lecturers are responsible for motivating students to learn.

The first argument: motivation could boost student’s desire in learning.

The second argument: motivation could boost students achievements.

The third argument: motivation is the basis in learning.

Counter-argument: motivating students to learn is not lecturers’ responsibility.

Conclusion: motivation from lecturers is needed for students.

In general, there are a lot of pros and cons about is motivating students to learn one of lecturers responsibilities? Some people stated that the lecturers shouldn’t motivate the students, considering the function from lecturers job is only teach not for motivating the students. But on the contrary, I believe that lecturers are not only responsible for teaching the students but also for motivating too.

Basically, motivation could boost student’s desire in learning. As we know, some people need a motivation especially for students. Moreover, we often see many of students nowadays be able to indifferent in learning and so apprehensively. Like sleeping in classes, don’t pay attention, and many kinds of stuff that students currently do in the classroom. Thus, based on of those things happened nowadays, lecturers have to create an efficient ways to make students become more diligent in studying and learning such as lecturers will be able to create a pleasant atmosphere for students like make a small groups and mentoring for instance. In this method, students could learn how to cooperate, and expressing their opinion. So all of these ways will motivate students to learn and trying to do their best.

The second, motivation could boost students’ achievements. Some people stated that students could be smarter than lecturers. isn’t it? As we know, students could get more knowledge from anywhere for example like book, newspaper, internet, and etc. But still, if students don’t have intention in studying or learning, the result is nothing. Because  motivation is really important for students to reach their goals and also achievements indeed. Therefor, motivation from lecturers is needed for students.

The third, motivation is the basis in learning. It means that motivation is also lead the students to achieve what are they expected in the future. Sometimes, some of students don’t comprehend what purposes of learning itself. As we know, students only know learning is having more knowledge through studying from the books but still the purposes of learning is not only like that. Hence, the solution what are they need to solve these problems which is motivation. Because lecturers motivation will be able to activate  students to learn something new which could be some reference for themselves in the future.

On the other hand, some people think that motivating students to learn is not lecturers’ responsibility. Because they are not children who need guidance every time they are going to decide on something. Further, some people stated that students are not supposed to count on their lecturers. it causes the main duty of lecturers is teaching, not motivating.

In conclusion, motivation from lecturers is needed for students. Because it will be better if they need to improve the motivation as well in order to make students have intention in studying and learning more in everyday life. Also, motivating students is lecturers responsibilities. it means that motivation could help students to achieve their goals in the future and not to mention to reach an achievements as well.

Lecturers are responsible for motivating students to learn

Thesis: Lecturers are responsible for motivating students to learn

The first argument: Lecturers motivate all the students become more diligent in studying.

The second argument: Lecturers make all the students are supposed to be active and not to mention be creative, also.

The third argument: Lecturers play big role toward students achievements.

Counter-argument: The lecturers shouldn’t motivate the students to learn.

Conclusion: Lecturers are not only responsible for teaching the students but also for motivating too.

Research Report on Eating Place

  1. Topic sentences

Paragraph 2: 50% of the students in President University already decided to choose     delivery to eat in their dorm.

Paragraph 3: 25% students in President University already choose going to city walk to eat something when they are hungry.

Paragraph 4: 5% still don’t know whether delivery or going to city walk.

2.Write a draft of the concluding paragraph for your composition. It can either summarize or evaluate the results, or it can predict the future.

In conclusion, most of the students President University decided to delivery than going to city walk because they are really lazy going to city walk as well because they think that it’s too far from their dorm and not to mention about  wasting their time too during many kinds of activity in their room. But it’s a different story if they choose going to city walk  because they think that it will burn some of calories in their body. And the other reason why they choose going to city walk because there are many kinds of restaurants that serve a variety food aside from delivery.

3. The Paragraph

In general, eating is one of the necessary for all people. Especially for the students who living at dorm. As we know, there are many kinds of option that the students will choose where the best places to eat something but not to mention about followed by the lower prices too. Sometimes, based on my experiences since I’ve been living here (at dorm) in the President University I thought that how I could eat with an achievable price and getting a healthy food here. But when i talked to my friends about this problem, my friends said that “Don’t worry bro, everything will be fine”. Then, when i heard what he had said before I was really confused. And still, I immediately asked to him WHY? and he explained that you just choose “delivery or going to city walk”. And when I heard his statement, I was really interesting to make some research in my class such as After you are hungry, where do you usually go to eat? Delivery, going to city walk or Don’t know? and, I got the result yesterday.

50% of the students in President University already decided to choose delivery to eat in their dorm. Based on I had read before there are many reasons why they decided to choose delivery. One of them consists of they are really lazy going to city walk as well because they think that it’s too far from their dorm. The other reason, they said to me that going to city walk wasting their time during many kinds of activity in their room like studying, doing assignment, and so on.

The second answer based on the questionnaire I had made before that’s only about 25% students in President University already choose going to city walk to eat something when they are hungry. Because they think that going to city walk it will burn some of calories in their body. And the other reason why they choose going to city walk is the best answer caused by In city walk, there are many kinds of restaurants that serve a variety food for all people and not to mention about the students as well.

Then, the third answer based on the questionnaire I had made before that’s only about 5% still don’t know whether delivery or going to city walk. Sometimes, some of students  wanted to save their money and the other reason why they still confused because they still don’t know where they could buy some of food with an achievable prices.

In conclusion, most of the students President University decided to delivery than going to city walk because they are really lazy going to city walk as well because they think that it’s too far from their dorm and not to mention about  wasting their time too during many kinds of activity in their room. But it’s a different story if they choose going to city walk  because they think that it will burn some of calories in their body. And the other reason why they choose going to city walk because there are many kinds of restaurants that serve a variety food aside from delivery. After that, about the third answer some of students wanted to save their money and the other reason why they still confused because they still don’t know where they could buy some of food with an achievable prices.

An Important Day

  1. Introduction
  • Have you ever thought that there are many kinds of things you have ever felt before but now all the things we had done already become memories in your mind? This happened to me in June 11 where the graduation day was held in Graha Bethany Lippo Cikarang.

   2. Topic Sentences

  • Paragraph 2: The things I had done before with my friends during in senior high school.
  • Paragraph 3: Our memories we had done in the classroom.
  • Paragraph 4: An unforgettable moment in my life.

      3. The Story of my life

Have you ever thought that there are many kinds of things you have ever felt before but now all the things we had done already become memories in your mind? This happened to me in June 11 where the graduation day was held in Graha Bethany Lippo Cikarang.First of all, i would like to talk about the things i had done before with my friends during in senior high school.

The first things i remembered in senior high school when my friends and I were always laughing together, cheating together, and many kinds of stuff we could do during in senior high school. Sometimes, i always missed the situation too as in my classroom for instance. In my classroom, my friends and I were always laughing or talking to each others as well when the teacher came late to the class. Also, I always remembered that the moment my friends and I were being stupid together. Especially in mathematics subject. As I know before during in senior high school my friends and I were really weak in mathematics subject. On the other hand, the funny moment that I always remembered as well aside from mathematics subject, we usually mocked each other about the scores we got. Sometimes, the shock moment was when the teacher gave the paper and after that we compared our score especially in mathematics subject and not to mention about accounting instead.

Unfortunately, any kinds of thing i had talked before with my friends during in the senior high school already become an unforgettable moment in my life since graduation day. In June 11, a sad moment happened when my friends and I took a picture together and the part of the sad moment except from took picture together, we just realized that the things we had done before already become an unforgettable moment in our life.

 

 

The main problem in Jakarta

  1. Introduction
  • Jakarta is the most of populous capital city In Republic of Indonesia. On the other hand, there are many kinds of disadvantages in Jakarta over the last decade that has led Jakarta became one of the trouble capital city in the world.

2. Writing about problems:

  • How many problems are discussed

-2 problems that faces in In Jakarta which are overpopulation and traffic jams.

  • What are they?

–  First,overpopulation is the situation where too many of people live in a city.

– Second, traffic jams is the situation where too much vehicle there in the streets.

  • What expressions are used to introduce the problems?

– Nowadays capital city in Republic of Indonesia simply known as Jakarta is an   overpopulated capital city in the whole world.

-Traffic Jams is the most of problems which often times flows in Jakarta. in addition traffic jams has caused by….

  • How are the problem illustrated further?

–  First, every year it breaks the record of the population growth rate from the year before. Let’s take in 2010 for instance. The last census in 2010 showed that over 9 million people lived in Jakarta.

– Second, Traffic jams could causes mental stress for all people on their works because they couldn’t reach a place of work easily and on time instead.

  • What results are discussed for each problems?

– Overpopulation has caused steady increasing over the past few years and causes any kinds of the main problems there such as scarcity in Jakarta.

– For some people time is really important in their life. So that’s not a new thing any more if we often hear any kinds of bad news there such as incident everywhere in Jakarta.

3. Writing about solutions

  • How many solutions are given?

– 3

  • What are they?

– Firstly, all of people need to aware about it will be better if using the available transportation there such as bus way or simply known as Transjakarta than using your personal vehicle.

-Secondly, For governments must encouraging citizens to obey the traffic signs and not to mention about constructing overpass too for pedestrian there.

– Thirdly, the governments need to improve the medical facilities for citizens in order to ease family planning program and not to mention about improving the education too.

  • What three different groups of people does the writer say the responsible for these solutions?

-The governments

– Street user consisting of pedestrian and drivers of public transportation

– The citizens

  • How would the solutions be implemented?

– The governments and the citizens have to collaborate each others in order to achieve a better future in Jakarta.

  • What modal verb structures are used to make the suggestion?

– Must, need to, should and conclusion.

4. Conclusion

  •  The governments and the citizens have to work together in order to solve these problems and be able to achieve a better future in Jakarta.

 

Jakarta is the most of populous capital city In Republic of Indonesia. On the other hand, there are many kinds of disadvantages in Jakarta over the last decade that has led Jakarta became one of the trouble capital city in the world.
One of the first challenges that faces in Indonesia which are overpopulation and the lack of infrastructure. First of all, let’s talk about overpopulation first. Overpopulation is the situation where too many of people live in a city. Human overpopulation for instance. Human overpopulation is caused by high population as well in the countries. As we know about overpopulation , there are many kinds of factors that make a higher population such as migration from rural areas to modern city. In rural areas, they are still lacking on better qualities in their places like limited employment, uneven development, and not to mention education too. In addition, overpopulation is a one of the big challenges in another of country. Especially in Indonesia. Because this problems, it could be increase level of human consumption like food, energy, and water that’s why it also causes scarcity in the country. Nowadays capital city in Republic of Indonesia simply known as Jakarta is an overpopulated capital city in the whole world. Every year it breaks the record of the population growth rate from the year before. Let’s take in 2010 for instance. The last census in 2010 showed that over 9 million people lived in Jakarta. Because of this problems, it has steady increased over the past few years and causes any kinds of the main problems there such as scarcity in Jakarta.
So based on overpopulation we have talked before , there is one of the most problems often times flows in a country such as the lack of infrastructure. In Indonesia for instance. Currently, the lack of infrastructure still being concern for Indonesian governments such as road construction, bridge construction, airport development, inadequate electricity and port development. As we know , President Jokowi Widodo has said that the governments need to focus on agriculture and infrastructure improvements which had highlighted in the economic policy package he announced at the State Palace in Jakarta on Sept 9. Because with the best qualities of infrastructure, it will be give positive impact toward the world’s transport in order to increase competitiveness of the horticulture businesses in Indonesia. Further, the capital of of Indonesia or simply known as Jakarta still have the main problems such as Traffic Jams. Traffic Jams is the most of problems which often times flows in Jakarta. In addition, traffic jams often caused by a broken road and too much vehicle there such as cars, motorcycles, bus and any kinds of public transportation in the streets. As we know about traffic jams, they also could gives several impacted for all people in the surroundings. On people’s work for instance. Traffic jams could causes mental stress for all people on their works because they couldn’t reach a place of work easily and on time instead. For some people time is really important in their life. So that’s not a new thing any more if we often hear any kinds of bad news there such as incident everywhere in Jakarta. And not to mention caused by inadequate road too.
In conclusion, Jakarta has always many kinds of a big problems for all people and the governments there. But it doesn’t mean that it will be impossible to solve them such as overpopulation, the lack of infrastructure and any kinds of problems that faces in Jakarta nowadays. Sometimes, all people often times blame the governments are causing these problem in Jakarta like not improving the infrastructure for instance. As we know, the great infrastructure is a dreamed for all people who lived in Jakarta. Because it could be reduce the traffic jams there, but the most of problems which causes traffic jams is people itself. Because all of people need to aware about it will be better if using the available transportation there such as bus way or simply known as Transjakarta than using your personal vehicle. However, there is another things the governments must do to prevent a traffic jams in Jakarta like encouraging citizens to obey the traffic signs and not to mention about constructing overpass too for pedestrian there. Because it will be effective to reduce a traffic jams in Jakarta. The last of those solutions that i had mentioned before, the governments need to improve the medical facilities for citizens in order to ease family planning program and not to mention about improving the education too. But those of solutions i had explained before it can’t be implemented if there still doesn’t have a good cooperation between  the citizens and the governments. In my opinion, it will be better if the governments and the citizens have to work together in order to solve these problems and be able to achieve a better future in Jakarta. So that’s all about my essay. Thank you.